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Decorating terms and Painters jargon shown in red.
Registered and TradeMark names are shown in green.
Period styles and decorating Styles are shown in blue.
Acrylic. Fast drying, water based paint. A synthetic polymer used in high-performance latex or water-based paints. As the paint's binder, acrylic resins enable the coating to last longer and retain its color.
Acrylic Latex Paint. Water-thinned paint which employs acrylic resin as the majority of the binder. Other binders which may be added to reduce cost or add specific properties include styrene, epoxy, and poly-vinyl acetate.
Acrylic Resin. Resins which have established a pre-eminent position among coating formulators, having shown superiority in such respects as color and gloss retention, alkali and oxidation (chalk) resistance, hardness, adhesive and cohesive strength, and overall film durability. Generically, resins resulting from the polymerization of derivatives of acrylicacids, including esters of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, acrylonitrile, and their copolymers. Also known as acrylate resins.
Adam. A neo-classical style devised by Robert Adams.
Adhesion. The ability of dry paint to remain on the surface without blistering, flaking or cracking. Adhesion is probably the single most important property of paint. Wet adhesion, the ability of dry paint to adhere to the surface in spite of wet conditions, is particularly important for exterior house paints.
Aggregate. Silicon particles added to paint to produce a coarse finish, usually on exterior work.
Airless Spraying. Process of atomization of paint by forcing it through an orifice at high pressure. The effect is often aided by the vaporization of the solvents, especially if the paint has been previously heated.
Albany. A standard UK brand from Brewers for more than 20 years.
Alcro Beckers. Largest Scandivavian paint manufacturer. Renowned for environmental friendly products.
Alkyd resins. Used as binders in modern solvent-based paints in place of linseed oil, which gave oil paints their name.
Alum. A colourless astringent compound of aluminium and potassium.
Amber. A warm orange colour.
Ammoniacal liquor. Concentrated solution of ammonia obtained as a by-product in the distillation of bituminous coal.
Anaglypta. A type of wallpaper made from the pulp of cotton fibre. It is a trade name but is now used to refer to any type of paper with embossed patterns that can be painted. The patterns are created by hollow mouldings. It is more flexible and lighter than its similar counterpart Lincrusta and was cheaper when it was first produced during the nineteenth century. It is very hard wearing and is most commonly used below the dado rail in halls and stairways.
Anatase.(TiO2): A high opacity, bright white pigment of the chalking type, used as a prime pigment in paints, rubber, plastics. Prepared from the mineral ilmenite, or rutile ore. Now the most widely used white pigment.
Anti-burglar paint. A non-drying paint normally used on down pipes and possible climbable verticals.
Anti-vandal paint. Usually a spray paint application to prevent the adhesion of graffitti.
Antiquating. Artificially ageing a painted surface.
Antique pine. A popular colour for stains and colored varnishes.
Architrave. Door frame surround, normally ornamental. Also known as trim(USA).
Arris. The external edge of two surfaces,especially wood and panel-doors.
Art Deco.A glamorous style which began in the 1920's and faded in the 1930's with the outbreak of World War II. It was a mix of ancient styles and modernism. A design movement in the roaring twenties and thirties characterised by sweeping curved lines, geometrics, the stepped profile, lots of black gloss and mirrors, and stylised images of cars, skyscrapers and aeroplanes. It was chiefly influenced by the glamour of early Art Nouveau, Hollywood, Modernism, and Cubism.
Argent. Heraldic term for silver or white.
Artex. A textured finish commonly applied to ceilings. Known as Ceiling Texture in the USA. It can be patterned in different ways by combing to create a variety of patterns. Artex is good at covering a whole range of imperfections.. To remove it, use a steam stripper first to soften the paint. Don't sand it off unless you're certain of what age it is; older paints often contain asbestos.
Art Nouveau. A European design movement that started in the late 1800s. It is characterised by the whiplash line, with designs featuring sinuous curves of flowers and other images drawn from nature.
Asbestos. Highly hazardous material commonly used in buildings up into the 1960's.
Ash. A good quality hard wood, light in colour.
Asphalt varnish. Asphalt varnish is composed of asphalt pitch that is heat-treated with Gilsonite and thinned with mineral spirits or naphtha. Varying degrees of flexibility and toughness are obtained by varying the ratio of pitch to Gilsonite.
Astral. Akzo Nobel paint brand.
Akzonobel. The worlds biggest paint maker based in the Netherlands.
Azure. Heraldic term for blue.